Pond aquatic plants

Pond aquatic plants

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Aquatic plants for a pond: cards, characteristics and plants for every need. Oxygenating pond plants, purifying plants and plants for the borders of the artificial pond.

In a garden pond, there should be, in equal measure,aquatic plantsfloating, submerged and aquatic plants that grow above the surface of the water. You might be interested in reading the article: How to build a garden pond.

Thus, a third of the aquatic vegetation must be made up of submerged plants, among these, there should be those able to steal nourishment from algae, able to oxygenateand purify the water. Let's see what theaquatic pond plantsrecommended.

Pond aquatic plants: shore and border plants

The aquatic plants that thrive on the edges and banks of the artificial pond are those plants that grow in shallow water or in extremely humid environments.

Among these plants, the most popular are the calla lilies, in particular the Zantedeschia aethiopica and the Calla palustris. The calla marsh is suitable only for those who live in Southern Italy and in lakes radiated by the sun. Those with a very large pond or an impressive garden can grow giant rhubarb (Gunnera manicata). Others plants to grow on the banks of the artificial lake I'm:

Minimal typha
It grows up to a maximum of 25 cm.
It blooms between July and August.
Special needs: spring pruning.

It's about aaquatic plantalways green. It can be combined with other plants such as aquatic Iris and Lythrum salicaria.

Cyperus alternifolius
It grows about 80 cm.
It blooms between July and August.
Special needs: suitable for acid substrates, does not require pruning and can be combined with Typha.

Calla palustris
It grows up to about 30 cm.
It blooms between May and July.
Calla palustris can be freely placed in the water as a floating plant if the root is removed from the rhizomes.

Pond aquatic plants: marsh plants

Caltha palustris
It grows between 20 and 30 cm in height.
It blooms between March and June.
Special needs: if kept in the shade, the plant takes on an unsightly structure. In summer it is necessary to prune the leaves.

It is a very simple plant with small lively flowers.

Menyanthes trifoliata
It grows up to a maximum of 30 cm.
It blooms between May and June.
Special needs: need for a sunny position.

Menyanthes scorpiodes
It grows between 20 and 40 cm approximately.
It blooms between May and October.

It's about aaquatic plantundemanding and well suited topondgarden. It propagates very easily and can be combined, in groups, with the Caltha palustris.

Aquatic plants for shallow artificial pond

Butomus umbellatus
It is about 100 cm high.
It blooms between July and August.
Special needs: prune in spring.

It is a plant that, aesthetically, performs best in groups. It does not require special attention and adapts well topondgarden.

Pond aquatic plants: floating plants

Betweenaquatic plantsfloating, the most famous are the water lilies. These are plants with a high aesthetic value. When choosing the water lilies, be careful to identify the ones that best suit the size of yourspond.

Keep in mind that there are species of water lilies that become very large and that these plants do not have to cover the entire surface of the water in order not to steal light from submerged plants.

Among the floating plants we point out the nymphaea (Nymphaea), the lotuses (Nelumbo) and some irises such asIris pseudocorus. In particular, Iris pseudacorus, an ornamental plant widely used for its purifying properties. This plant purifies the water (isphyto-purifier) because it is capable of fixing and removing any pesticides, pollutants and other artificial substances from the water.
Oxygenating pond plants: submerged aquatic plants

To create a balance in thepondwe must prevent the water from rotting. The phyto-purification plants keep the water in the pond clean and, thanks to the oxygenating plants, a good balance is created that limits the proliferation of algae.

Most of the plants that live completely immersed in water are able to purify the pond. To maintain the balance of the water mirror, we recommend the cultivation of Elodea, Myriophyllum and Eleocaris.

Where to buy aquatic plants

You can buy theaquatic plantsin many shops. Specialized nurserymen can provide you with aquatic plants to grow in pots or in your home pond. Typical shopsaquariologythey can offer you aquatic plants to grow in the aquarium and only some species to grow in pots. It is possible to take advantage of web trading. To get an idea of ​​the plants to grow and the prices, refer to the official Amazon page: Aquatic Plants on Amazon.

Video: Permaculture - How to Make a Pond u0026 Edible Aquatic Plants (August 2022).